Throws generally are based on the physics of leverage. To throw, a lever and a fulcrum have to come together, and for the leverage mechanism to work efficiently, distance and angle are key requirements. Based on this premise there are seven principles to counter throws in the Balintawak system.
1. Hit right away with the free hand after the initial contact.
2. Block or push one component of the leverage mechanism.
3. Control the distance. Use the elbow in a bar arm position to prevent upper body contact. Use extended hand to control opponents head if he is crouching and charging.
4. Pull or push the extremity that’s intended to be thrown. The push is toward the opponent’s center (to his spine) the pull is towards the floor.
5. Go with the force by stepping widely towards the direction of the pull.
6. Do not let your opponent flank you. This is done by turning towards the opponent so that your center line is facing his spine.
7. Do not let your opponent or his extremities pass your frontal plane. This is done by stepping back and turning toward your opponent.